Do Children Living Near Traffic Face A Higher Risk of Diabetes?

Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and insulin resistance in children: results from the GINIplus and LISAplus birth cohorts(9  Page pdf, E. Thiering, J. Cyrys, J. Kratzsch, C. Meisinger, B. Hoffmann, D. Berdel, A. von Berg, S. Koletzko, C.-P. Bauer, J. Heinrich, Diabetologia, Apr. 12, 2013)

Also discussed here: Air Pollution Increases Risk of Insulin Resistance in Children(Science Daily, May 9, 2013)

And here: Why living near a busy road could be dangerous for your child’s health: Traffic pollution linked to diabetes risk(Daily Mail, May 10, 2013)

And here: Traffic fumes raise child’s diabetes risk(John von Radowitz, Herald, May 10, 2013)

Today we review research that looked at how proximity to emissions of PM and NO2 from traffic the health of school-aged children in Germany. While the link between traffic related pollution and adult diabetes is inconclusive, this study was the first to look at the link with children, given that the health of children, particularly respiratory diseases, tends to be more vulnerable to air pollution and that exposure to environmental pollutants in early childhood can lead to adult diabetes. The results indicate a clear link to PM and NO2 with insulin resistance in children.

English: insulin resistance model

English: insulin resistance model (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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One Response

  1. decline in TSP that occurred during the economic recession of 1981–1982 (Chay & Greenstone, 2003). A number of studies, for example, Bobak (2000) has reported associations between sulphur dioxide and low birth weight. Other studies have not found such effects. The general impression is that maternal exposure to air pollutants is related to decreased fetal growth and prematurity. An interesting implication of such a conclusion relates to the increased prevalence of asthma in children with low birth weight. Mortimer showed that asthmatic children who were born either before the thirty-seventh week of gestation or with a low birth weight (<2500 g) had a significantly increased risk of symptoms and a reduction in lung function in response to summertime air pollution in the eastern half of the United States (Mortimer et al., 2000).

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